Sri Lanka at a Glance

Warm welcome to Sri Lanka or "Ayubowan" the traditional way of greeting in Sri Lanka, meaning “You May Live Long “.

Known as “Isle of Serendipity”, “Jewel in the Indian Ocean”, “Teardrop of India” mainly in the ancient times even before falling the control of Sri Lanka into Portuguese, Dutch & British for centuries - 150 years of each approximately. Sri Lanka has still kept its unique identity.

This paradise Island with charming beauty in every corner & rich in history has almost every thing on this plant to offer to the tourists of all ages such as white velvet sandy beaches, cool climates, rolling hills carpeted with the best tea in the world, grand ruins of ancient kingdoms in cultural heritage sites, jungle safaris, water & adventure sports, spiritual & self healing, explore the precious gem mines and much more...all are within a few miles apart.

Official Name : Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Location : Latitude 5° 55. to 9° 50. north, longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52., 650km north of the equator
Terrain : Mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior
Dimension : 430km North to South, 225km East to West
Area : 65,525km²
Coastline : 1,340km
Population : 21,324,791 (2008 census )
Administrative Capital : Sri Jayewardenepura-Kotte
Commercial Capital : Colombo
Airports : International:- 1 ( Colombo Bandaranaike International Airport ) Domestic:- 7
Currency (Code) : = Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)
Exchange rate : = LKR 169.00 equivalent to US$ 01.00 (average )
Business Hours : Government offices:- 09 00 hrs – 16 00 hrs Banks :- 09 00 hrs- 13 00 hrs, some city banks close at 15 00 hrs
Official Weekly Holidays : Saturday & Sunday
International Calling Code :+94
Independence : 4th February 1948



Administrative Divisions : 9 Provinces as follows

Administrative Divisions & its Capitals of Sri Lanka

Province Capital
Central Kandy
Eastern Trincomalee
North Central Anuradhapura
Northern Jaffna
North Western Kurunegala
Sabaragamuwa Ratnapura
Southern Galle
Uva Badulla
Western Colombo

Climate : Typically tropical, with a Northeast Monsoon (December to March) bringing unsettled weather to the North and East, and a Southwest Monsoon (June to October) bringing bad weather to the South and West
National Parks & Nature
Reserves : 8,
Ethnic Groups : Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)
Languages : Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8% Note: English (a link language commonly) is used in government and spoken competently by about 10% of the population
Literacy rate : Female 87.9 & Male 92.5
Religions : Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%,Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)
Time Zone : Sri Lanka Standard Time is five and a half hours ahead of GMT. (+5.5 )
Electricity : 230 . 240 volts, 50 cycles AC. If you travel with a laptop computer bring a Stabilizer
National Flower : The Blue Water Lily ( Nymphaea stellata )
Highest Mountain : Pidurutalagala, 2,524m
Highest Waterfall : Bambarakanda, 263m
Economy : Sri Lanka’s most dynamic sectors are food processing, textiles and apparel, food and beverages, port construction, telecommunications, and insurance and banking
Agriculture & Products : Rice, sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseed, spices, tea, rubber, coconutsm milk, eggs, hides, beef, fish
Industries : Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural Commodities; telecommunications, insurance, banking; clothing, textiles; cement, petroleum refining.
Exports : Textiles and apparel; tea and spices; diamonds, emeralds, rubies; coconut products, rubber manufactures, fish.
Imports : Main import commodities are textile fabrics, mineral products, petroleum, foodstuffs, machinery and transportation equipment: